Until today, some tribes in Indonesia use traditional weapons as tools for hunting, self-defensing, and yes, attacking someone or something. Even more, some people who still believe in superstitious think that traditional weapons are surrounded by mystical power. Take keris for instance. Continue Reading →
Hey, today is Children’s Day in Indonesia! It’s July 23. How was your childhood? Mine was fun. We played a lot of fun traditional games back then. Yes, games! It’s unavoidable when we are speaking about children. Continue Reading →
Did you know, there are still many areas in Borneo, which are swamp. Like in the Netherlands, some areas in Borneo are below the sea level. About 20 centimeters under sea level, to be more precisely. No wonder, people there are so familiar with the boat, river and… rumah lanting (lanting house).
Walk along the Barito River from Banjarmasin to Puruk Cahu, you’ll find villages inhabited by Dayak Bakumpai Tribe. Typical scenery there would be floating houses lining the banks of the river. We call it lanting house. The traditional house in South and Central Borneo.
Some people might say it’s fun to dwell in that kind of house. But some others will get seasick.
Every time a boat pass nearby, the residents of lanting house will oscillate by the wave. It occurs quite often, including at night. It’s because lanting houses are built down on the major rivers, which means they are located on the main lanes of Bornean traffic. It’s also influenced by the ups and downs of Java Sea.
However, lanting house certainly is good to anticipate the flood. When normal houses are submerged by three meters of flood, lanting houses are floating tall there, like Noah’s ark.
What are rumah lanting made of
Lanting house usually faces the land. It has two rooms, a living room and a bedroom. Each has about 5 x 3 meters square. The bedroom is a private space that can only be accessed by members of the family. While the living room is a public space for social activities. The living room is also sometimes used for cooking.
Lanting house has two lawang (the doors), each face the land and the river. On both walls, there are two lalungkang (windows). In front of the door, there are titian (bridge) connecting the land and the lanting house. It’s all made by these materials:
- Woods. For the foundation and framework of the house, we need the wood that is not easily decayed in water for at least 10 years. Meranti and bangkirai, for example. We are going to use them in logs, with a diameter of 50-100 cm and a length of at least five metres. Meanwhile, to make the roof, we need durable wood to protect the inhabitants from rain and blazing sun. We usually use sirap, wood that has been cut with a thickness of 3-5 cm.
- Sago palm leaves. In addition to using sirap, the roof of lanting house sometimes also use sago palm leaves. They are easily to compose, yet watertight. Sago palm leaves are also lightweight, make the foundation doesn’t work too hard to support the house and the content.
- Iron sheets. As the roof, iron sheet is almost same light with sago palm leaves, but it’s more practical to install.
- Ropes. Its functions are to connect the parts of the house and to tether, so the house doesn’t go anywhere.
Why the house mustn’t go anywhere, by the way?
I know, sailing with a house might sound like an adventure for you, specially after you watch Pixar’s Up (you know, traveling with flying house idea). But, in reality, you won’t be able to control lanting house around Barito River. Say you and the house sail successfully and smoothly, by the end of the journey, you’ll be in the middle of nowhere, maybe on the sea, which would bring you to other troubles 🙂
How do Bornean people build rumah lanting?
According to Melayu Online, here’s how to make a lanting house:
- Prepare some wooden poles. Implant them in the middle of the river.
- Line the logs up on river banks. How many logs? It depends on how large is your lanting house would be.
- On top of the wood, put the wooden boards as the floor. Done with this, you have a big raft now.
- Push the raft towards the poles in the middle of river. Don’t forget to fasten it to some strong poles on the land to make sure it’s always there. Install walls and some partitions, and nail them.
- Install the roof.
Done! It’s ready for occupancy.
By the way, lanting house isn’t just a place to live. There are also other functions like lanting for bathroom, jamban (toilet with a hole directly into the river), laundries, mosques, hotels, karaoke places, stores, schools, food stalls, gas station, markets, and many more.
Mention any basic need in civilization, we would find a lanting serve for it. Well, if you remember Kevin Costner’s movie, Waterworld (1995), some places in South and Central Borneo are pretty like that.
Unfortunately, rumah lanting is getting rare
No matter how exotic living on the water world, human is a land creature. They tend to live on land. The condition on the ground itself is relatively stable. Land houses are more practical to build and to maintain, compare to lanting houses.
One of the hassles of dwelling lanting is to respond to the tidal river. When the river is receding, we have to push it to the middle of river, so the house doesn’t straddle on river banks, which causes the floor tilted. When the water level has increased, we have to make sure the rope tethers strongly, so it doesn’t sail away.
Troublesome, isn’t it?
Not to mention that it’s getting harder to get woods as material for building lanting house, and difficulty of life outside of the fishing profession. In addition, the the Local Government is organizing the areas, including some lanting complex that used to be unorganized and slummy.
Lanting houses are getting difficult to find. I think, it’s not impossible that someday this traditional house will only exist in the history books and articles like this.
Or, the contrary, lanting could be a prototype of the future houses. Considering the global warming effect: the sea level tends to raise, and we all are about to sink.
Did you know, you can improve your English while go traveling. Visit Pare. It is known as Kampung Inggris (English Village). At least, two of its villages, i.e. Tulungrejo and Pelem Village, are dominated by English learning activities. They hold English courses intensively day and night. From days to months. It’s not merely formal classes. The students sometimes travel out to some tourism site, go around with bicycles, play some games, and finally sleep in dormitory. However, they have to speak English all the time. Yes, that’s English camp’s rule!
But of course, the program is not for native English speakers. There is no Caucasian here. The man who started this kampong development even is “just” an Indonesian.
Back in 1976, a young man named Kalend Osen wanted to learn some subjects from Hajj Ahmad Yazid in Pelem Village, Pare. Mr. Yazid was a polyglot. The young Kalend then stayed as a student in Mr. Yazid’s pesantren (Islamic boarding school). One day, two university students from IAIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya came to learn English for their exam. Because Mr. Yazid wasn’t there, his wife then asked Kalend to teach them. Hence, Kalend gave them short course for five days. Done. They went home.
In about a month, they returned to tell Kalend that they had passed the English exam. It was a good news! Kalend got more confidence to teach English. So, in 1977, he officially launched the BEC (Basic English Course). Kalend adopted pesantren method in his curriculum. It was successful method. That’s why, many of his students then ran their own English Course with the same success recipe: everyday learning (reading, writing, listening, speaking) from the morning until the night, in a conducive ambiance.
The new students keep on coming, from Surabaya, Jogjakarta, Jakarta, Bogor, even outside Java. And the number of the course institutions continually grows as well. Currently, there are more than 100 institutions in Pare alone.
Mostly, the houses in Pelem and Tulungrejo Villages are dedicated for the course activities, including the classes, guest houses or dormitories for students, book stores, etc. Luckily, The fees for the course and dormitory is super cheap. That’s why we call this place “kampung”. The living cost here is always lower than cities like Malang, Gresik or Surabaya. FYI, Pare is a district in Kediri Regency, East Java Province. It’s located at the bottom of Mount Kelud’s slopes. About 30 minutes land trip from Kediri, and about two hours land trip from Surabaya City.
And by the way, in Kampung Inggris, there are also course for other languages, such as Arabic, Korean, Japanese, Chinese, etc. Interesting, isn’t it? [photo from Kompasiana]
Written by Moch. Yusuf, The Course Coordinator for Kampung Inggris. You may like his other articles about Kediri: